Garden jasmine is widespread in gardeners. However, the mock orange has nothing to do with real jasmine, belonging to the Olive family. Chubushnik (Philadelphus) belongs to the Hortensian family. And he got his name only because of the aroma.
General description of the plant
The shrub is called chubushnik because its shoots are used for the production of chubuk smoking pipes. Deciduous plant, has a straight trunk, gray bark. The height of the bush can reach - from 70 cm to 6 m. The leaves are simple - up to 7 cm, the flowers are collected in brushes. Flowering continues for 3 weeks.
How is the planting and care of jasmine garden
Planting garden jasmine should be literate. Care of the plant should be thorough, its flowering and healthy appearance of the plant will depend on this, but if you do not pay much attention to the bush, it will also grow. Consider what needs to be done so that the plant is in good condition.
In the open ground, a mock up is to be planted according to some rules.
- The place should be sunny;
- The plant should be planted in a hole measuring 0.5 x 0.5 m. The first layer should consist of pebbles or gravel. Then pour the nutrient mixture, consisting of parts of sand, 2 parts of humus, 3 parts of leafy soil;
- To get a hedge, planting a mock-up must be close to each other;
- The root neck of the plant should be flush with the soil, if you deepen it deeply, it can rot;
- Immediately after planting under the root of the plant, pour a couple of buckets of water;
- During normal planting, the distance between the bushes should be 0.5-1.5 m.
How to breed mock up (video)
How to water a plant and care for the soil
In the country, the bush must be watered periodically. In this case, watering should be plentiful. If there is not enough moisture, the leaves will begin to lose color, and the flowers will fade. In hot periods at 1 m2 It is necessary to make up to 30 liters. water.
Also in the garden, it is necessary to loosen the soil regularly so that the mocker feels good. Another important trick is the timely removal of weeds. After loosening, the soil can be mulched, this will save moisture from drying out. Peat can be used as mulch.
How to prune a shrub
For the purposes of hygiene, the mock-up is trimmed. Produce it in the spring, and the point is to remove dried and broken branches. Shoots that are not yet 12 years old are left.
In spring, thinning of the crown of the bush is also carried out. This provokes a new growth of shoots. Old bushes are simply cut down, and the cut places are treated with garden var.
After trimming, all varieties of mock mackerel are fertilized with mullein solution. In the autumn, bushes release many young branches. In the spring they will have to be removed, leaving only the strongest, which will form the backbone of the plant.
How to fertilize
All types of mock up require periodic top dressing. The introduction of organics contributes to the lush flowering of the bush. In the first year of growth, garden jasmine is fed with slurry made from 10 liters of water and 1 liter of substance.
Growing mock up from the age of two involves the introduction of mineral fertilizers. The first top dressing is carried out in mid-May with a solution consisting of superphosphate, potassium sulfate, urea, 10 liters of water. The presented mixture is consumed per 1m2.
In what month they feed the second time, it’s impossible to say for sure. The application of wood ash and superphosphate is carried out after the bush has faded.
Mocker: pruning (video)
Propagating the plant is easy. The process is carried out in several ways - layering, cuttings, root offspring, dividing the bush. If there is a desire seeds can also be used. To do this, they are buried by 30 cm, and then covered with straw or leaves. In the spring, shelter is removed.
In the process of propagation by cuttings blanks are kept in the basement in wet sand at zero temperature. In the spring, cuttings are planted in the pits, slightly tilting them. The root system of plants will be formed by autumn, a year later by autumn it will be possible to transplant the plant to a permanent place.
When propagated by green cuttings, they are prepared in May. Rooted seedlings in greenhouses or greenhouses. When the cuttings take root - after 2 months, they should be hardened, after 2 years the seedlings are planted in a permanent place.
When propagating by layering from bushes receive young growth, which is pressed and fixed in the ground. After it starts to grow upward, it is spudded and watered. After 2 years, the finished bush can be planted in a permanent place.
Variety of species and varieties
There are many types and varieties of mock orange. Consider a description of some of them.
Each type of mock up has many varieties. What is their difference, we will consider further.
The choice of mock marsh variety in Siberia and other regions of Russia is based on personal preferences and soil conditions. The climate also plays a role.
Combination of mock up and other plants
Chubushnik looks great in landscape design and in single landings, since it blooms very beautifully. The bush looks like a big white bouquet. But a bush with double flowers can be arranged with a swing or a hammock, with a bench or a decorative mill.
A plant like garden jasmine feels great with the following neighbors:
So, Chubushnik is a highly decorative bush actively used in landscape design. The wood of the plant is used to make flutes and pipes, as well as other crafts. In the garden, the bush is used as an ornamental plant, which delights not only the eye, but also the sense of smell with its amazing aroma.
In one place, the mock orange grows excellently for several decades. It does not require a lot of attention, and blooms even in the shade, and also perfectly withstands severe frosts.
Chubushnik: landscape tricks (video)
If you plant a bush under the windows, in the morning it will delight you with a pleasant aroma reminiscent of jasmine. But in appearance, the mocker does not look like him. However, it looks great in any area.