The most suitable time when you can plant tulips in open ground depends on the characteristics of the region and the factors inherent in the local climate. Usually, the best dates for planting or replanting tulip bulbs are presented in the autumn period. However, to the question whether tulips can be planted in spring, the answer is clear for all gardeners. Of course, tulip planting in spring is possible, but these plants will bloom only during the next season.
Of course, it is possible to plant tulips in spring in the soil of flower beds or in a flower bed, but this process will be just an intermediate stage. Normal plants can bloom only after a year. For flowering, it is necessary that the flower bud at the tulip bulb is "ripe". Planting tulips in the spring is not so difficult, but has its own nuances and features.
If you plant tulip bulbs in the ground without preplant planting, then they will begin flowering a fortnight later. To plant tulip bulbs in early spring, you need to put them in a box that is half filled with high-quality soil. With this method, the sprouts on the bulbs will appear by the time when the tulips will need to be planted in open ground.
Preparing bulbs for spring planting
Before planting tulip bulbs in spring, it is imperative for them to perform procedures that strengthen the "immunity". For this purpose, the bulbs must be placed in a vegetable box on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator before planting, where the temperature can be about + 5 ° C.
When the hardening of the bulbs is completed, planting material must be qualitatively protected from damage by pests and possible diseases. To do this, it is placed in a slightly pinkish solution of a pharmaceutical potassium permanganate for thirty minutes. It should be remembered that the most robust and healthy tulips can be grown from quality bulbs.
Before planting bulbs in open flower beds in spring, it is important to inspect for the absence of fungal infections, as well as the integrity of the upper integument. Defective planting material can cause poor flowering plants.
The pre-planting application of a decoction of pharmacy celandine, in which tulip bulbs are soaked for thirty minutes, and then slightly dried at room temperature, has proven itself well.
When to plant in spring and how to plant in open ground
The best type of soil for tulips is a cultivated, humus-rich species of sandy loam and loam with a neutral reaction. The heavy version of clay soil needs a radical method of improvement, which consists in introducing a large fraction of river sand with the addition of peat and manure. The peat used must be neutralized by adding lime.
When spring comes, and the soil is characterized by high-quality thawing, soil treatment for planting or replanting tulips should be performed. If the soil allows, then its digging should be carried out to the depth of one bayonet of a shovel. Next is the introduction of any organic fertilizer, except fresh manure.
If initially the soil fertility is in doubt, then it is required to introduce, in addition to organic chemistry, mineral fertilizers. A good result shows the introduction of potassium sulfate, double superphosphate, as well as nitrogen-containing compounds.
If the soil for planting is classified as light, then a small amount of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium should be included in the composition of the mineral fertilizer. When it is necessary to carry out fertilizer application in heavy soils, the basis for top dressing should be the same components, but in a more significant amount.
The optimum temperature values for good rooting of planting material range from +5 ° C to +10 ° C. If lower or higher temperatures are observed, then the root system of tulips is formed much worse. Such indicators allow to plant or transplant planting material when the soil is warmed up to +10 ° C.
Early flowering varieties of tulips are recommended to be planted or transplanted a couple of weeks later than late flowering. The planting depth is three bulbs high, and the planting density should not exceed two of its diameters. Small planting material can be grown separately from the main planting of plants, and then transplanted to a permanent place.
Tulips: spring planting (video)
Initial landing care
Standard care begins at the stage of emergence of tulip sprouts. At this time, care activities are as follows:
- Conducting a thorough inspection to determine sprouted bulbs, as well as the presence of plants with signs of disease.
- Digging up the found "defective" plants with their subsequent destruction in order to prevent the spread of diseases to healthy specimens.
- Accurate loosening of the soil around the emerging small sprouts of tulips to increase the access of the necessary oxygen to the root system and reduce the evaporation of moisture from the soil.
- Conduct moderate watering to prevent drying out of the soil on flower beds and flower beds.
- The first feeding of tulips is carried out with the use of nitrogen-containing fertilizers, which stimulate the rapid growth and formation of plant leaves. When performing care at this stage, the introduction of nitroammophos or the Kristallin preparation with the addition of tableted microelements is allowed.
The second top dressing is not required for care, however, the benefits of fertilizing tulips at the stage of deployment of the second and third leaves will be tangible.
Care after flowering
The period after the plants have bloomed, regardless of the type and variety of tulips planted in spring, requires the following measures:
- To propagate the variety you like and grow large, healthy bulbs for this purpose, cut off the flower heads a week after blooming. This method stimulates the formation and increase in the mass of the bulb of the plant.
- It is important to remove petals that have fallen from the flowers so that they do not rot and do not cause the development of diseases.
- On faded plants, stalks cannot be cut until they are completely yellowed, as pruning has a negative effect on bulb ripening.
- It is allowed to use the method of trial digging, which allows you to determine the degree of maturity of the bulbs of a plant of a particular species or variety.
When digging bulbs, care should be taken not to accidentally injure the root system of the plant. For such an event, it is best to choose a dry and sunny day. This will effectively dry all the dug bulbs.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about tulip planting technology in the fall.
Tips & Tricks
Bulbous plants planted in spring do not differ too much in terms of measures for avoiding the tulip autumn planting. After the buds are formed and go into the opening stage, special care is required. When watering, at least 10 liters of water should be consumed for every 1 m² of flower bed or flower bed.
Irrigation water should not be too cold. If watering is carried out on sunny days, then drops of water on leaves and flowers should be avoided. This will protect the plants from getting burns. At the stage of abundant flowering, tulips need top dressing. Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers should be applied in which the nitrogen fraction is minimal or such a component is completely absent.
How to plant a tulip (video)
It is useful to use the following trace elements for feeding: boron, zinc and manganese, which have a beneficial effect on the condition of plants, as well as the development and formation of tulip bulbs. After watering, it is extremely important to loosen the soil so that no crust forms on the surface of the soil. Compliance with all agricultural requirements will not only save all planting material, but also increase its volume.