Rosehip (Rōsa) is a plant from the family Pink (Rosaceae) and order Rosaceae (Rosales). White rosehip has a high decorative effect and can become a worthy decoration of any landscape.
Characteristic and Description
White rose hips are common and popular in our country shrubbery plants. It looks very elegant: wide-spread and hung up arched branches are lined with white flowers. Flowers can be of different sizes, ordinary and double, depending on the characteristics of the variety. This deciduous fast-growing plant has a height of up to three meters, but individual specimens are higher.
Bark of a bush of brownish and red-green staining. On the shoots there may be a small number of thorns. Leaves of alternating type, unpaired, 5-10 cm long and not more than 2-3 cm wide. The upper part of the leaves is green with pronounced gloss, and the lower part is dull and slightly pubescent. The fruits are relatively small, red, oval in shape. The plant belongs to the category of decorative park roses and is the founder of several varieties of roses.
White dogrose in the gardens of our country was quite worthy of competition with a multi-flowered or climbing rosehip. Briar terry rosehip is one of the most decorative species and has double white flowers.
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Popular plant varieties
The most interesting for home gardening are unpretentious and plentifully flowering varieties.
Rosehip seedlings of white, like any other, best take root during autumn planting. Experts recommend planting the plant in October or November.
Rosehips can be propagated by seeds, as well as the method of green cuttings, using root offspring or dividing:
- Green cuttings is the fastest and most convenient way to breed rose hips with a high rooting rate. Before cutting, the bushes need to be fed with nitrogen, phosphorus and potash fertilizers. Cuttings should be cut oblique before lignification of shoots. Each stalk should have three internodes, and the lower leaves must be removed. Cuttings must be omitted by slices for a day in a solution of "Heteroauxin" at the rate of 0.2-0.3 g per 1 liter of water. Then the cuttings are planted in peat pots, and after rooting and in a permanent place.
- To spend seed propagation, they should be collected in August, separated from the pulp and washed. Sowing is carried out with a depth of 2.5 cm and a distance between the holes of 2 cm. It is recommended to mulch the crops with sawdust and maintain a constant soil moisture. After the first two leaves appear, it is necessary to transplant the seedlings to a constant place with a distance of 10 cm. It should be remembered that as a result of seed propagation, young rosehip plants do not retain their varietal characteristics.
- To preserve the properties of the mother plant is used reproduction by root offspring. From the most productive bush should be separated with a shovel scion 30-40 cm high and planted it in a new place. If necessary, you can bend the offspring and pin, and then sprinkle with a layer of fertile soil. After a year, you can separate the young plants from the mother bush.
- For breeding old plants, the method is most suitable bush division. In this case, the plant is dug up and the rhizome is divided into several parts with a pair of shoots.
The preparation of the site for planting consists in digging the soil to the depth of two bayonets with the removal of weed vegetation and the introduction of humus. Plants should be placed with a distance of 3 m between rows. Bushes should be arranged in a row with a distance of 1.5 m. The size of the planting pit should be 40 x 40 cm. Rosehip should be planted after the end of the growing season or in the early spring, before the bud is opened.
Shrub Care Rules
The technology for caring for the ornamental shrub is simple and requires compliance with the following rules:
- in the dry period, rosehip bushes need watering, which is especially important in the first year after planting;
- at the stage of active growth of shoots and ovaries, about 25-30 liters of water should be spent on each young bush, and 40-50 liters will be required to irrigate an adult plant;
- about the third year, rosehip bushes need to be fed with organic and mineral complexes;
- nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied in spring and summer at the rate of 100-120 g per adult plant;
- phosphorus-potash fertilizers are applied in the autumn period, immediately after harvesting, at the rate of 170 g per bush;
- feeding a decorative culture with a chicken litter infusion or a solution based on slurry gives a good result.
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Pruning in the first year of cultivation involves the removal of all weakened root shoots, and the strongest and most developed ones should be left. When pruning in the following years, four well-developed shoots must be left. Trimming at a height of a meter allows for effective tillering. On two-year shoots, you need to trim up to four buds. In old plants, deformed shoots and damaged branches are cut. After ten years of cultivation, it is advisable to gradually replace the plantings with new bushes.