Inveterate gardeners and gardeners know the best time to transplant currants. They also know the simple secrets of transplantation. When is a more important question than how? After all, the methods are not so tricky, and the landing time is the most important factor. It is necessary to take into account the climatic features of the area where transplantation of currant bushes will occur.
How to transplant currants
Currant transplantation must be performed subject to certain rules.
- You need to choose the right place for planting a bush. Currants do not like darkened areas; they should not be planted on the north side of a house, fence or building. He does not like currants and wind. Therefore, care should be taken to ensure that it does not grow on the windward side: flowers and leaves will constantly upset its impulses, there will be no good harvest.
- The site must be dug up, carefully choosing the roots of weeds.
- Pits for bushes are prepared about 7-10 days before planting, the distance between them should be 1-2 m.
- The prepared hole should be no wider than 60 cm, not more than 40 cm deep, but it is better to focus on the size of the rhizome. Pour crushed stone for drainage. Sprinkle with sand on top, enhancing the drainage properties of crushed stone. Crushed stone and sand can not be covered in layers, but mixed and covered in the bottom of the pit. Drainage should be 5-8 cm thick.
- To add fertilizers to the hole: compost, chernozem, potash-phosphorus fertilizers (for example, ammophos), chopped wood ash. You do not need to use fresh manure - it contains a lot of inorganic substances that will “burn” the roots, severely damaging them. Wood ash does not need to be strewed with lumps, grinding is necessary for better absorption of trace elements from ash. Phosphate fertilizers are also best pre-dissolved in water.
- First, pour water into the pit - this contributes to better hydration of the root system and dissolution of the particles of the fertilizer composition.
- It is necessary to dig a bush at a distance of 25-30 cm from the shoot - a lower risk of damage to the root system will be achieved. After the bush is completely dug, it is carefully removed. When extracting the roots, their damage should be avoided, act as carefully as possible. Do not cut off with fingers and do not chop off the “sticking” root processes with a shovel: it is better not to be too lazy and still dig the ground near the root, sticking a shovel deeper.
- A bush of currant with a lump of earth preserved on the root (so it will take root better) is immersed in the resulting "pond" and sprinkled with prepared soil. The soil must be nutritious and loose. Preliminary screening is desirable: this will saturate the soil with oxygen and loosen it. In the future, currants will require spraying leaves, regular watering and top dressing.
These recommendations are suitable for bushes for which leaves have not yet blossomed (in the early spring) or in which foliage has already fallen (deep, but not late, in the fall). Currant transplantation in this way is suitable for plants in which there is no internal sap flow, and therefore the plant "sleeps".
But sometimes there is a need to transplant currants in spring, autumn or even in summer. Just how to transplant and is it possible? Observing simple but strict conditions, you can.
When and how to plant currants (video)
How to transplant currants in spring
In the spring, according to the observations of avid gardeners, it is better to transplant black currants. She will have time to take root and give a small crop in the first season. But it requires sufficient warming up of the earth: in cold soil a plant can become sick and die. The old bush should be planted before the appearance of buds.
Transplanting a diseased bush of black currant requires the removal of damaged and dried roots. Then the rhizome is treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
It is possible to transplant red currants in spring, but the soil should be of the necessary fertility, and the weather should be warm, dry and settled.
Only bushes that completely discard the foliage are transplanted. The lack of juice movement favors transplantation. Transplantation in early autumn is not recommended: in plants that have dropped all leaves before the end of September, shoots can come to life and leaves will appear in currants. This happens if September is issued cold, and the subsequent October - warm. Overgrown leaves will soon freeze, and sheltering shoots will not save. Therefore, the recommended time for landing: mid-October - early November. Currant transplant in the fall in more severe regions, such as Yakutia, Amur Region, Khabarovsk Territory and Transbaikalia, is shifted from late September to mid-October. The accustomed bushes of autumn transplantation already next summer can give a full crop.
More capricious early varieties need to be replanted only in the fall: during spring planting, they will not yield in the first year. These include white and red currants, berries of early productivity. Autumn transplantation is preferable to them, having taken root during the winter, in the summer they will give the first crop. But they must be covered and sprinkled with earth for the winter.
Planting blackcurrant (video)
It is not harmless to transplant a bush in the prime of life, but sometimes this is necessary.
The currant bush should be dug up with a large lump of earth and try to keep the formation before immersion in the transfer hole.
It should be carefully immersed in a large container or trolley, transported to a new hole. The pit should be prepared: dug out to the size of the rhizome with a layer, fertilized and filled with water. Put the root of the bush in the hole, sprinkle with soil and water.
But seedlings purchased in plastic containers can be planted in any month of late spring and summer. It is only necessary to follow the general recommendations and transplant with the earth from the container.
Knowing when it is better to transplant currants will help later rejoice in a plentiful harvest. After all, the time of the year, correctly selected for transplanting the bush, contributes to its adaptation and growth.